What are the symptoms of slapped cheek syndrome in children?
Slapped cheek syndrome is a mild to moderately contagious viral infection common among school children aged three to 15, occurring particularly in the winter and early spring. Slapped cheek syndrome is caused by parvovirus B19 and is spread by respiratory secretions from an infected person. By the time the rash appears, children are no longer infectious. The incubation period (the period between infection and signs or symptoms of illness) is usually four to 14 days, but can be as long as 21 days. Adults who work with young children such as childcare providers, teachers, and those in healthcare fields are most likely to be exposed. Here are the symptoms of slapped cheek syndrome in children: - High temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) - Bright red cheeks - A flat or raised red rash, usually on the arms and legs, which lasts from two to 39 days and may itch. The rash fades from the centre of red areas towards the edges, giving it a lacy appearance. The rash can recur after exercise, warm baths, rubbing the skin or emotional upset. - Less commonly, headache, sore throat and joint pain The following symptoms are more frequent and more severe in adults with parvovirus B19 infections, and they generally precede the rash, which often does not occur in adults, by seven to 10 days: - Headache - Sore throat - Muscle pain - Joint pain - Abdominal pain - Fever Most foetuses are unaffected when their mothers contract the virus, and it has not been proven to cause birth defects. However, if a foetus becomes infected, the virus can disrupt the foetus's ability to produce red blood cells, leading to a dangerous form of anaemia, heart failure, and sometimes miscarriage or stillbirth. Hope it helps!Read more